Nikol Pashinyan, the Prime Minister of Armenia, stated on Monday that his nation may leave from the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), which is led by Moscow. His statement was a further demonstration of Armenia’s dissatisfaction with the lack of support from its partner Russia.
Yerevan’s level of frustration over what it sees as Russia’s reluctance to defend Armenia from the military threats posed by Azerbaijan has been growing steadily over the past few months.
At a news conference in Yerevan, he stated that “I am not ruling out that Armenia will take a decision to withdraw from the CSTO,” if the bloc fails to honor its treaty duties. “I am not ruling out that Armenia will take a decision to withdraw from the CSTO.”
Pashinyan made these comments in advance of his meeting with Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, which will take place on Thursday in Moscow and will be hosted by Russian President Vladimir Putin.
The Caucasus neighbors have been engaged in a territorial struggle for decades, and with the assistance of the European Union and the United States, they have been attempting to negotiate a peace agreement.
Russia, the traditional power broker in the Caucasus region, is irritated by the Western world’s diplomatic participation in the region.
“We began discussing security issues with our Western partners because we see that the security system in the region is not working,” Pashinyan said on Monday. He made this statement in response to a question about the state of regional security.
The Armenian-populated territory of Nagorno-Karabakh in Azerbaijan has been the site of conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan on two separate occasions: in the year 2020 and again in the 1990s.
Armenia gave up large swaths of territory that it had controlled for decades as part of a ceasefire that was mediated by Russia and brought an end to six weeks of fighting in the fall of 2020.
Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Armenia has relied on Russia for both military and economic help. Since then, Armenia has accused Russia of not living up to its responsibility of maintaining peace in the Karabakh region.
Concerns in Yerevan have increased following the cutting off of Karabakh’s only land connection to Armenia by Azerbaijani activists in December. During the month of April, Azerbaijan installed a roadblock along the route that was staffed by border patrol agents.
Yerevan also accused Azerbaijan of taking a pocket of its land the year before, which it has alleged amounted to armed aggression, and it wanted a military help from the CSTO, which has never materialized. However, the CSTO has not responded to Yerevan’s demands.
As a result of the fact that Russia is currently tied down in the Ukraine conflict and is unwilling to strain its relations with Azerbaijan’s most important partner Turkey, the United States and the European Union have been working to restore relations between the two foes in the Caucasus.